After dogs and cats, fishes are the world’s third most popular pets amongst animal lovers. The global Aquarium market size is projected to reach USD 8636.3 million by 2028, from USD 6366.1 million in 2021, at a CAGR of 4.4% during 2022-2028. An aquarium imparts an aesthetic appeal in the room and the aquatic life forges a subtle connection with nature. In order to ensure that the experience never wanes, it is essential to learn the art of maintaining an aquarium. Here are a few steps that go a long way in keeping your aquatic indulgence enthusiastic at all time.
Fish obtain their nutrition and survival requirements from the water surrounding them. Hence, it is imperative to maintain purity of water and ensure that it suits their requirements. Researchers uphold that tap water is probably the safest source of aquarium water for majority of tropical fish. However, pH, dissolved oxygen, hardness, ammonia, chlorine, temperature, salinity etc. plays important role in management of aquarium.
Choosing the right size of aquarium
The first step is to choose the right size of aquarium that fits amicably in your abode. One must be mindful about not overcrowding the space, which hinders the regular maintenance of the aquarium or puts it at risk of breaking. Hence, it is important to have the right size of aquarium. Overcrowding has a tendency to reduce the oxygen levels in the water, generate excess excretion and deteriorate the overall health of the fishes.
Types of aquariums
- Goldfish is recommended for first time aquarium keepers. Desktop aquariums are perfect for housing goldfish. They are even considered to be auspicious according to astrology.
- Second category of aquariums include ‘Planted aquariums’, which primarily focuses on having more water plants and lesser fishes. It imparts a feeling of living underwater enclosed in a garden.
- Freshwater aquariums comprises of freshwater fishes which live longer and adapt to changing environment easily. Hence, they are the most convenient pets for busy owners.
- A saltwater aquarium has an exotic variety of rare fishes. This requires very high maintenance and regular filtration exercises to sustain.
Creating healthy water conditions
The water in the aquarium needs to have proper temperature and pH level for the aquatic pets to thrive. Aquarium supplements are available that negates the harmful effect of tap water, reduce the acidic levels of water and dechlorinate the same. Keeping a pH kit handy will be helpful in regularly assessing the pH level of the water. Generally, freshwater fish experience a healthy survival in pH levels ranging
between 6.8 and 7.5., which also deters fishes from contracting any illness. By testing the pH levels regularly, you can create a healthy environment for your aquatic pets.
Maintaining optimal temperature
It is very important to ensure proper temperature in the aquarium. The temperature should be optimal at all times. Hence, it is better to avoid placing the aquarium where extreme temperature fluctuations are likely to happen. For example, placing it near a window can heat up the aquarium and placing it too close to the AC vent may make the water too chilly.
There are inbuilt aquatic temperature controllers that will maintain ideal temperature for your aquatic pets. Ideally, freshwater fishes thrive healthy in temperatures ranging between 72° Fahrenheit to 82° Fahrenheit.
Water changing exercise
Make it a practice to replace 25 per cent of water in the aquarium at least once a month. if there is too much of debris, then change at least 50 per cent of the water. This will prevent any kind of nitrate concentration and purify the water. Algae, excretion, waste materials, etc. can be sucked out using a gravel vacuum. There are cleaners available which are magnetic in nature and enables you to clean the aquarium from outside as well. Algae magnets are the most popular ones in this aspect. Regular cleaning is important to maintain optimum oxygen levels and clear out the decrepit from the aquarium.
Paying attention to details
Observe your fishes for a few moments every day. Believe it or not, their behavior will guide you in taking proper care of them. You will understand their appetite better and their acclimatization in the new habitat. By paying attention to them, you will be able to ensure a healthy environment for your pets. You will also know who are friends and help you in deciding the fishes to buy in future.
Using aquarium filter
Aquarium filters remove physical and soluble chemical waste products from aquaria, simplifying maintenance. Furthermore, aquarium filters are necessary to support life as aquaria are relatively small, closed volumes of water compared to the natural environment of most fish. Aquarium filters clean the water and should be serviced at least once a month. The filter cleans all the waste and it is important to clear it out once a month to avoid clogging and contamination of the aquarium. Avoid scrubbing, use of any cleansers, or chemicals while cleaning the filter. It is best to clean with water. This will prevent any kind of pollutant entering the aquarium.
Your silent companions offer you the much-required tranquility and solace in this madding crowded world. According to research published in PubMed ‘relaxation and stress reduction were identified as potential benefits of keeping fish as companion animals; this appeared to be primarily associated with watching the movements of the fish, although the sound of running water was also mentioned by some participants in one study. Companionship was also identified as a potential benefit of keeping fish.’ It is
an undeniable fact that watching the colorful fishes swim arouses hope in the dullest of spirits. Their harmless ways teach us to flow with the tide and swim above all troubles. By paying attention to their minimum requirements and hygiene levels, you will reciprocate to their affection by gifting them healthy life in a safe environment.